Kazakhstan is a country with a rather favorable epidemiological situation. Those who are planning to travel in Kazakhstan do not have to undergo compulsory vaccination.
However, those who wish may get inoculated against hepatitis A and B, hydrophobia and tick-borne encephalitis (the latter may be useful during visiting the mountainous regions of South-eastern and Eastern Kazakhstan in spring). In winter it makes sense to get a flu shot.
Most of the cities and towns have state hospitals, as well as private clinics. Foreign nationals can get free medical care in case of emergency (i.e., accidents, traumas, poisoning and other illnesses, requiring emergency medical treatment), as well as in case of the diseases, constituting a danger to others.
In all other cases, medical care can only be provided on a contractual basis, i.e. according to the prices, established by one or another clinic (hospital).