Southern Kazakhstan occupies the territory from the Aral Sea in the west to the Chu valley in the east and from the Betpak-Dala desert in the north to the Shardarinskaya steppe in the south. The region is divided into three oblasts: Kyzylorda oblast, with its capital at Kyzylorda; South Kazakhstan oblast, with its capital at Shymkent; and Zhambyl oblast, whose capital is Taraz.
The region is mainly flat, much of it desert or arid steppe as in the Moyinkum, Betpak-Dala, Kyzylkum and Priaralskiye Karakums areas. However, there are numerous rivers, the most important being the Syrdarya, which flows north-west to the Aral Sea; the Talas and the Chu. In the south-east the land is hilly and mountainous, with four spurs from the western Tien Shan — the Karatau, Talas Alatau, Karzhantau and Ugam ranges — projecting into it from Kyrgyzstan. The highest mountain is Sairam, its summit at an elevation of 4,238 meters. The diversity of the mountain ecology contrasts starkly with the barrenness of the desert steppe that prevails throughout the remainder of the region.
The culture of the region stretches back thousands of years, but is in essence a combination of traditions, the heritage of the steppe nomads, whose main occupation was livestock breeding, mingling with that of the settled farmers inhabiting the numerous settlements of the Syrdarya, Talas and Chu river valleys.
Many towns and cities, such as Taraz, Turkestan and Sairam, are over a thousand years old, having benefited significantly from the prosperity brought by that section of the Silk Road, the so-called Steppe Route, which passed through south Kazakhstan. Sadly, however, many did not survive except in the written record, and where there were once thriving urban settlements there is often little more than the remains of a wall and a few mounds. Among the towns that have disappeared in this way are Akyrtas, Otrar, Sauran and Zhankent.
However, many of these ancient sites are in the process of archeological excavation, and south Kazakhstan is probably more generously endowed with places of historic interest than any other region of the Republic. Prominent among them are four superb structures from the Middle Ages: the khanaka of Khodja Akhmed Yasavi, and the mausoleums of Aisha-bibi, Babaja-khatun and Karakhan.
A rather more contemporary sight to see is the Baikonur cosmodrome, the Soviet analogue of Cape Canaveral. It was from here that Yuri Gagarin was launched into space on the first ever manned space flight.
Unfortunately, the region is probably rather better known for an environmental tragedy than Gagarin’s triumph: the catastrophic shrinkage of the Aral Sea. In spite of that, however, south Kazakhstan is well endowed with natural beauty and health-giving mineral springs. The nature preserve at Aksu-Zhabagly in the mountains of the Talas Alatau is world-class; and the mineral spring water at Mankent and Burgulyuk is drunk all over the Republic. Saryagash is another well-known mineral spring with residential health spa attached.
«Baikonur» — the first and the largest cosmodrome in the world is located on the territory of Kazakhstan. We will be happy to organize this unforgettable trip for you! In 2017, there will be 4 inhabited launches available for visiting: Soyuz MS – 04: March 27, 2017 Soyuz MS – 05: May 29, 2017 Soyuz […]
Program of the tour Visiting the «Chaika» hotel, Akimat (city administration), sights of the Old Town, Nurken Abdirov Sports Palace and the Abdirov Monument, the Miners’ Culture Palace, Circus. Excursion to Karaganda Ecological museum. Walk to the Central Park. Lunch. Excursions to the Mosque, Catholic Cathedral and Orthodox Church. Short walk in a Victory Park. […]
The Kyzylarai mountain and forest oasis, located in Central Kazakhstan, gives truly exclusive opportunities for a traveler. Where else can you make a journey, figuratively speaking, “3000 years back” and “1500 metres up” just within a few days? Just here, in the Kyzylarai mountains, the highest point of Sary Arka, Aksoran peak (1565 metres), is situated. […]
The Ulytau mountains always attracted the attention of nomads. Here was situated the headquarters of the oldest son of Genghis-khan – Zhoshy (Juchi), who became ancestor of most of the Kazakh rulers. Moreover, here graphic evidence of historical events, connected with the name of Tamerlane the Great, can also be found. It’s remarkable, that exactly […]